The long-standing dispute over the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid site in Ayodhya, India, has been a contentious issue for decades. The conflict revolved around a mosque, Babri Masjid, built in the 16th century, which some Hindus believe was constructed on the birthplace of Lord Rama.

The dispute led to communal tensions and violence over the years. In 1992, the Babri Masjid was demolished by a group of Hindu activists, resulting in widespread unrest. Legal battles ensued, and the case went through various courts.

The Supreme Court of India, in a landmark judgment on November 9, 2019, settled the dispute. The court ruled in favor of constructing a Hindu temple at the site, while also ordering the allocation of an alternative piece of land for a mosque. The decision aimed at resolving the religious and legal complexities surrounding the issue. The construction of the Ram Mandir (temple) has since commenced, marking the end of a protracted and sensitive chapter in India's history.